Portela, a mass housing project built in the outskirts of Lisbon in 1965 by architect Fernando Silva, is defined by its central core (a commercial area) surrounded by 5 to 12 floor buildings, constructed by private developers. At the time, Portugal went through the transition from a dictatorship known as Estado Novo to a democratic regime. This was the period when Portuguese colonists returned to their motherland, which demanded the need of mass housing.

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